19.2 C
New York
Saturday, June 3, 2023

Buy now


How Tech Investing Giants Are Staying Warm During the VC Winter

Vpermanent capitalist Not known for being humble. But lately many have struck a more humble tone. In a recent letter to investors, hedge fund and venture capital fund Tiger Global (The venture capital company) investor, reportedly admitted that it “underestimated” inflation and “overestimated” the boost the covid-19 pandemic had given to tech startups in its portfolio.November Sequoia, Silicon Valley The venture capital company Blue Bloods apologizes to customers after spectacular explosion Soar, a now-defunct cryptocurrency trading platform it supported. January Jeffrey Pichet Jaensubhakij, Chief Investment Officer GICone of Singapore’s sovereign wealth funds, said he was “thinking more clearly” about venture capital.

Hear this story.
Enjoy more audio and podcasts iOS or android.

Your browser does not support

this The venture capital company Confessions of the Giants follows a massive technological meltdown.High technical content Nasdaq The index has fallen by a third in 2022, making it one of the worst years on record and drawing comparisons to the dot-com bust of 2000-01. The average value of recently listed U.S. tech stocks fell 63% between the fourth quarter of 2021 and the fourth quarter of 2022, according to tech-focused lender Silicon Valley Bank. The plunge in public valuations has dragged down private valuations (see Figure 1). Older, larger private companies (called “late-stage” in the jargon) lost 56% in value after funds wrote down assets or companies raised new capital at lower valuations.

Predictably, this has had a chilling effect on the business of investing in startups. Soaring inflation and rising interest rates make companies whose profits are largely in the distant future look less attractive today.scandal such as Soar no help.After a decade-long bull market, the amount of money flowing into global start-ups will fall by a third by 2022, according to calculations carbon fiber Insights, a data company (see Figure 2). It fell to $66 billion last quarter, down two-thirds from a year earlier; the number of mega rounds, in which startups raised $100 million or more, fell 71%. The supposedly uncommon private company unicorns, valued at $1 billion or more, are rare again: The number of new companies fell by 86%.

The turmoil has forced the biggest venture capitalists — call them The venture capital company Whales – change their tactics. For Silicon Valley, it marks the return of a forgotten venture capitalism, less cash-splashing by tourists with deep pockets and more bets on young companies by local stalwarts.

understand the scale The venture capital companyA reversal of fortune, consider prosperity. Between 2012 and 2021, global annual investment has increased roughly tenfold to $638 billion.traditional The venture capital company The company faces competition from hedge funds outside of Silicon Valley, venture capital arms of multinational corporations and sovereign wealth funds, some of which have begun investing directly in startups. Trading went wild. In 2021, Tiger Global is signing a new deal almost every day.through The venture capital companySequoia Capital boss Roelof Botha said domestic activity was “a bit unhinged” and “but very rational” because low interest rates made money almost free. And “if you don’t, your competitors will.”

What seemed rational in boom times now looks a little crazy.recession freaked out The venture capital company The Fund’s Primary Funding Source – Limited Partners (recordSecond). This group, which includes everyone from family offices and university endowments to industrial companies and pension funds, is becoming increasingly tense.Pensive: they have a lower return on their current investment recordThere was less capital to redeploy, while the stock market crash resulted in many over-allocations to private companies whose valuations took longer to adjust and their share of some records’ portfolios thus suddenly exceed their quota.Data provider Preqin finds that in the last three months of 2022, new money flows The venture capital company Funding fell to $21 billion, the lowest level since 2015.

what’s new The venture capital company Money there is increasingly going to large funds. U.S. funds worth more than $1 billion will account for 57% of all capital in 2022, up from 20% in 2018, according to research firm PitchBook. The venture capital company The Whales Behind These Mega Pools Adapt The venture capital company Winter will define the shape of the industry for years to come.

Entrepreneurial cetaceans can be divided into three major subspecies, each represented by big-name investors. First up are traditional Silicon Valley royalty such as Sequoia Capital and Andreessen Horowitz. Next came private tourists such as Tiger and its New York-based hedge fund rival Coatue, and the aggressive Japanese investment firm SoftBank.Then there are national funds, such as Singapore’s GIC and Saudi Arabia’s public investment fund TemasekPIF) and Mubadala in the United Arab Emirates.In addition to direct investment, they also recordIn other The venture capital company funds; PIFFor example, is a big backer of the SoftBank Vision Fund.

In 2021 alone, these nine institutions have poured more than $200 billion into startups, ranging from young companies to established companies looking to grow, accounting for about one-third of the global total. All nine whales were badly damaged in last year’s crash. Sequoia Capital’s crossover fund, which invests in public and private companies, has reportedly lost two-fifths of its value in 2022. Temasek’s listed holdings on U.S. exchanges have shrunk by about the same amount. SoftBank’s mammoth Vision Fund has raised some $150 billion in total, but has lost more than $60 billion, wiping out previous gains; its latest earnings call, on Feb. 7, featured its nagging boss Masayoshi Son The situation at the company shows just how bad things are.Tiger reportedly lost more than half the value of its flagship fund and slashed its private investments by a quarter to $42 billion, leading the way. The venture capital company Noble speculated that it might turn itself into a family office.

All three groups control the investment. But everyone responds to crunch differently — in part because it affects them differently.

Private outsiders have been hit the hardest. From the second half of 2021 to the same period in 2022, the combined investment in startups of these three in our sample fell by 76%. Tiger has lowered the target size of its latest fund to $5 billion from $6 billion; its previous one raised $13 billion. In October, Coatue boss Phillipe Laffont said the hedge fund held 70-80% of its assets in cash. It raised $2 billion for its “Tactical Solutions Fund,” which aims to give established startups access to debt and other resources as an alternative to raising equity at lower valuations. SoftBank has all but stopped supporting new startups; Lydia Jett, a partner at the Vision Fund, says most of its money is going to portfolio companies that are doing well through the second half of 2022.

avoid tourist traps

The other two groups are also tightening, but not by much. According to PitchBook data, in the second half of 2022, the number of deals between Sequoia Capital and Andreessen Horowitz fell by 47% year-on-year. Direct investments by the four sovereign funds in our sample fell by 31% over the period, no doubt due to their deeper pockets and greater horizons.

The slowdown in the pace of investment has left The venture capital company Investors with record capital records Actions have been promised, but not yet implemented. Last year, this “dry powder” was close to $300 billion in the US alone (see Figure 3). PitchBook data suggests that our five private whales are sitting on a combined $50 billion or so; these four sovereign investors keep their numbers close to their chests, but their dry powder is likely to be of a similar order of magnitude. Some of them may wait a while to deploy, if at all. But some will find grateful recipients. Who they are also depends on which whales you see.

old school The venture capital companys and hedge funds are eyeing younger companies, in part because volatility in public markets makes it harder to value established companies that want to go public as soon as possible. Sequoia will double the number of “seed” deals with its youngest startups in 2022 compared to 2021, Mr. Botha said. In January, the firm launched a fifth seed fund worth $195 million. Last April, Andreessen Horowitz launched an “accelerator” program to nurture start-ups. Roughly half of Tiger-backed startups will be worth $50 million or less in 2022, up from one in five in 2021, according to PitchBook.

Early-stage companies won’t be the only beneficiaries. David DiPietro, head of private equity at fund management group T. Rowe Price, thinks startups that sell “must-have” products like cybersecurity or budgeting software should do just fine. Kelly Rodriques, boss of Forge, a private equity marketplace, expects money to continue to flow to well-run companies with strong balance sheets. Companies with popular new technologies, such as AI chatbots and other popular “generative technologies” artificial intelligencewill continue to attract funding—especially if the technology works in practice and underpins viable business models.

Another category of startups that could gain traction are those involved in industries that politicians deem strategic. In the U.S., that means climate-friendly technology and advanced manufacturing, for which Uncle Sam is pouring subsidies and government contracts. For example, around 8% of the deals our whales make in the second half of 2022 involve companies working in climate technology, up from 2% in the same period in 2021. Last year, Andreessen Horowitz launched the “American Vitality” fund, which invests in part in companies that rely on government procurement, such as defense technology startup Anduril.

Sovereign wealth funds are looking elsewhere. Seed deals are too small for them: While the typical early-stage U.S. company is worth about $50 million, the median value of a sovereign-backed startup is as high as $650 million by 2021. For them, a “must-have” startup is defined differently, depending less on the market or other strategic imperatives and more on the nation-building plans of their governments.

February 16 PIF Said to be a shareholder VSPO, a Chinese video game tournament platform. It’s part of Saudi Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman’s plan to invest $38 billion in “e-sports” by 2030. Temasek is investing heavily in companies developing ways to improve food production, motivated by Singapore’s production target of 30 percent of the city-state’s nutritional needs being met locally by 2030, up from about 10 percent in 2020. In the past year, it has backed Upside Foods, which grows meat in the lab, and InnovaFeed, a maker of insect protein. Rohit Sipahimalani, chief investment officer at Temasek, sees his focus shifting to “disruptive innovation rather than incremental innovation” in the coming years amid state support for strategic technologies.

Eastbound and downbound

One group of companies may be less interested in our whales.Although PIFChina’s game deals, and the easing of the Communist Party’s two-year crackdown on consumer technology, The venture capital company The giants are wary of China, which until recently was home to one of the hottest start-ups in the world. In the past, foreign investors in China knew the government would respect their capital, said an executive at a large venture fund. Now, he sighs, it seems to have “pulled the rug out from under us”.

Tiger spoke of the “high barriers to entry” for new investments in China. GIC The company has reportedly scaled back its investment there. Mr Sipahimalani said diplomatically that he was trying to avoid us-China tensions”. Sequoia Capital is said to be asking outside experts to screen new investments by its Chinese subsidiary in two controversial areas, quantum computing and semiconductors. 22% down to 16% in 2022.

after the dot-com crisis The venture capital company It took almost 20 years for investment to recover to its previous high. Today’s tech industry is much more mature. Startups have stronger balance sheets, and their peak valuations relative to sales are lower than in 2000-01, according to Silicon Valley Bank.This time the whale The venture capital company It doesn’t take 20 years to nurse their wounds. But the experience will have a lasting impact on those they support.

To stay on top of the most important news in business and technology, subscribe to The Bottom Line, our weekly newsletter for subscribers.

Related Articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay Connected

- Advertisement -spot_img

Latest Articles