WHO doesn’t recommend coronavirus passports because immunity remains questionable


An airport employee checks the passports of a couple of passengers who prepare to board a United Airlines flight with at Toncontin International Airport as international flights restarted operating after five months of suspension due to the new coronavirus pandemic in Tegucigalpa on August 17, 2020.

Orlando Sierra | AFP | Getty Images

A World Health Organization official said Wednesday that the international agency does not recommend countries issue so-called immunity passports for the coronavirus because scientists are still unsure whether Covid-19 antibodies reduce the risk of reinfection. 

Earlier in the pandemic, some countries said they would issue passports or certificates that indicate whether someone has had Covid-19, allowing them to travel or return to work assuming that they are protected.

That idea has since been abandoned because scientists still don’t know how long immunity really lasts, Dr. Jarbas Barbosa, assistant director of WHO’s Pan American Health Organization, said at a press briefing on Wednesday.

Antibodies are generally produced in response to foreign particles or antigens that invade the body and help the body’s immune system fight off infections. Health officials have said there is not enough data yet to indicate that coronavirus antibodies ensure immunity against the virus.

A small study published in Nature Medicine in June showed that coronavirus antibodies could last only two to three months after a person becomes infected with the virus. Researchers in the Wanzhou District of China compared the antibody response of 37 asymptomatic people with that of 37 symptomatic people. They found that people without symptoms had a weaker antibody response than those with symptoms. 

But scientists say it’s unclear if no antibodies or low levels of antibodies mean that a person is actually at risk of reinfection if reexposed to the virus.

In June, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s leading infectious disease expert , said if Covid-19 acts like other coronaviruses, “it likely isn’t going to be a long duration of immunity.”

“When you look at the history of coronaviruses, the common coronaviruses that cause the common cold, the reports in the literature are that the durability of immunity that’s protective ranges from three to six months to almost always less than a year,” he told JAMA Editor Howard Bauchner. “That’s not a lot of durability and protection.”

Duration of immunity has important implications for vaccine development. Even if a person loses immunity after a period of time, if scientists discover how long immunity lasts, they may be able to recommend when a person many need another vaccine dose.



Source link

Discover

Sponsor

Latest

Don’t call it a fad. Ethical investing is here to stay

Daniel Balakov | E+ | Getty ImagesWith billions of dollars flowing into sustainable investing strategies, it's safe to say it's no longer a...

Powell says duration of low interest rates ‘will be measured in years

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell, wearing a face mask, testifies before the House of Representatives Financial Services Committee during a hearing on oversight...

U.S. sanctions Giuliani ally for involvement in 2020 election meddling

Ukrainian lawmaker Andriy Derkach attends a news conference titled "Publication of facts of pressure of U.S. Embassy on Ukraine's law enforcement agencies to...

Uber backup driver charged in fatal 2018 accident in Arizona

WASHINGTON — The backup safety driver behind the wheel of a self-driving Uber Technologies test vehicle that struck and killed a woman in...

China is in for ‘a tough time’ as U.S. targets tech sector, expert says

SINGAPORE — China is in for "a tough time" in the short term as the U.S. tries to deny it access to crucial...